Istanbul, which is being a cosmopolitan center in the 19th century; 19th century Of Istanbul is a cosmopolitan city with its diverse minorities and Ottoman citizens. Galata and its old urban pattern of narrow streets, where social interaction is increased – is followed by the Tünel and Şişhane districts. The touch of modernity is visible in Şişhane in the straight lines of 19th century roads and the traffic junction of 1982.
The city from now on was establishing the relations with the region and the world with steam ships and railways. These new relation channels have meant new station buildings, ports and new postal facilities in the center. There were such new roads, transportation systems that made new link between nations and also new technologies after Industrial Revolution that also brings trade and capitalism of the Western World and new critical thinking understandings after Enlightenment and french Revolution, there were such new attempts in all fields of Ottomans to catch up with Europe.
Istanbul was a city where built for trading purposes. Throughout history, Istanbul was a warehouse location regulating the Black Sea and the Mediterranean transit trade.
Besides being political capital city of Ottoman Empire, Istanbul has become in short the main center of the changing 19th-century new economy with its effective communication network. The new city as the major distribution point of the export products has provided an attractive market place for inner-outer capitalists. Besides, throughout the country, the effort to establish a powerful central government dependent of intensive bureaucracy -especially the effort to establish a central budget- have resulted in the flow of large parts of tax revenues into the city.
From the beginning of 19th-century, Galata had become the symbol of modernization not only for Istanbul but also for the entire country. Regions had become an independent town in nearly all respects.With the start of the residence of French ambassador here (Pera) in 16th-century, the town have gained a distinctive European characteristic. Thus, the population was mostly composed of Non-Muslims. Central branches of large commercial organizations/banks, modern shops, theaters, entertainment places, modern schools and military facilities were all started to be established within the borders of the region.
This was the era where such things that were once considered as beyond imagination was achieved and there were attemps in making even more and more. Utopic ideas are coming from great genius minds and they expanded visions. Those visions are very much related with the characteristics of the period and always in a reciprocal relation with the state and the economy of the state. The things that would be displayed in a Museum, also had a link with their period and what was considered as pioneer in the era. The way they are reflected, the spatial conditions and the user experience within that space are also should be a developing path. Museum as a promenade path, that displays timelines and alternative timelines with the utopic and distopic spaces, the link of 19th century with today. The promenade path should also reflect the urban city. (the promenade path of the site should infiltrate to the museum and also the path should convert itself with the existing Maliye Building.
Imagination and Utopia // Citizenship and Cosmopolitanism // State and Politics
References from A CITY RIGHT AT THE CORE OF GLOBAL, POLITICAL, ECONOMICAL AND SOCIAL CHANGES OF THE 19THCENTURY: ISTANBUL, M. Burak BULUTTEKİN