Monthly Archives: November 2015


My architectural element is column and I interpret it some different ways and relate them differently. A column is basically a long post made of steel, stone, etc., that is used as a support in a building. So, in architectural terms it is a load barring vertical element. But we can also interpret it as a 3D object which is stands longitudinally on one of its smallest area. By that interpretation, the megalith or monolith are one of the earliest examples of a column.

The columns are used in the ancient Egypt’s temple as an essential element which provide some kind of a transition area from outside and let the visitors to the inside. (the column halls) The columns were carved, painted to give further meaning; not only use it as a supporting element but also use it to create architecture with a meaning.

The Greek architecture is also made use of columns but actually, there are different approaches to columns due to their orders. Basically, they all constructed to be looked so they were designed to be beautiful. Human proportions are important here to scale a column. The three orders of Greek Architecture are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. ( which also have different column styles) We can say that in their architecture, the perception of beauty is important so, they created different orders to create different and beautiful columns. They were concerned about proportion and beauty in harmony. Greek temples can be considered as a sculptural volumes, so the beauty of this sculpture only can be observed and experienced by the visitors. The aim of their architecture was to have a perfect vision in order to fix optical distortions; they placed columns on an inclined floor toward the inside, they re-arranged the distance between the columns and they constructed wider columns in the middle. Basically, the use of columns are designed to increase the perfection of visibility. In the terms of space, the columns created different fragmentations to serve a purpose. Additionally, the columns created an extra layer outside of a temple, (the locationing of columns in portico) which somehow create a transition area between outside and inside of the temple.

The Roman Architecture is also mostly concerned with beauty when it comes to columns, therefore the orders were decorating the beauty of a column. In roman temples there is one dominant façade faced the street, so the columns differentiated the main façade from the others. As monumental architecture, they decorated columns with relieves where they explained some important events of the civilization. The column conveyed a further meaning, not a spatial meaning, here.

The column is used through examples, as a supporting element (architecturally), as a free-standing object which occasionally convey further meaning, as a transition space which links the inner and the outer spaces. It has different form studies due to differet orders. It create a transparent wall, a fragmentation of a space.


Spiro Kostof: A history of Architecture 


Florence (feudal city) can be considered as “the place” of art and the center of all kind of sophisticated and intellectual events. It resembled to Athens in Antiquity. ıt is a very self-conscious society with the influence of development of Renaisssance. Well, it had accepted slavery as Rome and Athens and made use of the man power of those slaves.

The city center of Florence as design to address every citizen of the city; it was everybody’s city. The design was consisting of a more cumulative and participatory approach. The inspiration is still the glorious Roman Architecture; paved streets (wide and open). There was this sense of visual order (which was perfectly designed and planned in Roman Architecture) which provide more of an enriched experience. The city planning had also a political and public purpose in such design. Urban city required urban adjustments; as paying taxes to support the construction of buildings and walls, to support talented artists’s job of vault constructions or foundation of commission of street clearance and urban renewal projects. They renowed some baptisteries and cathedrals and even made plans to renowe and enlarge the city cathedral. In the early fourthteenth century, there was a harmony between the public buildings, among which there is also a visual connection. The paths were designed to connect and create a more intelligent visual perceptions like a net which ensembles the important structures within the city. Urban city was more specialised according to market activities therefore, there was a need of a bigger and wider market area. It was an ancient forum which was expanded to the nearby streets, an extra market area in the West.

There was 2 main axis which are parallel to each other and also to the cathedral complex, Roman Cardo, administrative structures and other buildings of community. They were grouped to give city a more urban identity. The Europe was sufferning from famine, plague and war  and depopulated unlike Florence. Florence was exceptional  since it imported his food from the greatest and the most fertile lands. It was the center of trade and all the richess of all nations.

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After  producing tension and compression model, the new assignment was about producing an explanatory poster of the existing forces on our models. Here is our poster:


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Cluny is the principal abbey of the Cluniac order. The cluny church was built in Romanesque style of architecture. So, we can observe the romanesque architecture charteristics in here; thick walls, round arches, large towers, decorative ornaments, massive quality in larger scale. The architecture of the church was a musician, in fact this really interests me, he could relate nature and architecture mathematically. He based his system of working with ratios and the proportions with the consonances of an octave, fifth and fourth. He found musical harmony to create architecture  which also functions geometrically. Proportional schemes  are functioning at the same time with music; it had a talent to let people think of the divine and sacred. Therefore, we can understand that later on, the geometric proportions had a really important part in medieval architecture. Also in the Romanesque art, especially in sculpture, the importance of the geometrical influence.

The Cluny Order has become independent due to power of the alliance between the pope and feudal lords make the place as a social, political, economical center of the Europe owning to its privileges. Cluny Abbey is the monastery with a giant garden of open spaces which is consisting of a central square of an open gallery. The north side has the administravite placements, the dining and the chapter room. (Large scale spaces)

Chartres Cathedral is considered to be one of the examples of the French gothic architecture; it has as pointed arch, panel vaults and the flying buttress.(to provide stability and immense spans) It is consisting of too many stained-glass windows and horrifying sculptures. The design is specifically inhibit direct sunlight. The light infiltrates through glass and change and reform whole (spiritual) experience of the space. The city of Chartres  is highly considered as the palce of prosperity to its bishop and chapter.Chartres cathedral architecture was mostly about the clerestory, the upper area of the wall supported on the arcades, which took the form of a huge glass casket in which the architecture serves as a frame for the stained glass filling the two rows of enormous windows. The gothic style serves here as a tool of creating immense stuructures which show the power of religin and its opressin amon the citizens.

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This is an assigment given to us to study the structure of a dome ; and also the tension and compression forces within the dome. In my work, I tried to examine how to domes can relate to each other and form how secodary dorm will stand. The tension ring relate the inner and outer dome and balalce the compression forces. Tne curvature of the domes are different due to their existing forces, longitude and the span area.

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Since I have different parts with different topographic and vegetal quailities, the path has some different approach to all of the different  areas. The path transforms itself from being just for walking, provide seating areas of with the increase of level of enclosure, a shelter with shade and shadow qualities. These aspects depend on the  natural environment, the level of enclosure of the path is directly proportioal with the enclosure level of the areas. (slope and density of trees.)

So, as a 1/10 detail model, I try to demonstrate how to flatten the road (by putting stabilizer material) and how attach the path to it, I also tried to show how different vertical materials come together.

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When I walked around as in my school, parks, squares or any kind of public places, I noticed people walking from out of the actually built roads. There are some bald areas on the grass which forms a path: they are called as ‘desire paths’. It wasn’t a very strange for me before I started to study architecture but now there are millions of questions that pops up to my mind: why people prefer to take another road and neglect the designed road for him? Are there any reasons why the road wasn’t built the way that people walked? If the human behavior haven’t been taking into consideration as a factor while designing the road, can we still consider it as a design? Well, I don’t think I know all the right answers but I have some guesses.
First of all, I think this is a very crucial subject which shows the human behavior on a landscape. Humans mostly use these desire paths to create shortcuts, to facilitate the road which means that the design road for the man is not the most efficient design, at all. Furthermore, if no one is going to use that road, it is nothing more than just an ornament. The orthogonal turnings of the roads are the places where desire paths mostly happens. Human being become impatient after a while so create its own design of the road. So, the design of the landscape architect also should take into account the function. (as I was learned from my professors) Here we observe the case where the usage of the client and the design of the architect doesn’t juxtapose. We can also consider desire paths as something unplanned: the directionality of the paths are affected by the aimed reasons of humans to reach a destination. So, even though a landscape is designed the most accurate way, the surrounding structures may have a part of the emergence of the desire path. Basically what I’m trying to say here is that when a human see his destination, even from far, he started to evaluate the quickest way possible to reach there. It has a lot to do with visual perception, too.
Each desire path coveys a different story and a solution to a design problem due to its reason of existence. I read somewhere that there was one university which has any roads the year it was built. The designer waited to see the tendency of its users (students, professors etc.) and then built the roads. Well, this little trick of post-constructing the path is a very clever approach because now the design is s 100% convenient to their users. The users re-designed the paths to achieve a high level of functionalism. An architect, or an architect-to-be should always keep a eye open to notice these kind of little bugs in designs to develop himself/herself a fully-grown architectural perspective.

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After analysing Eymir Peninsula, I decided that the existing conditions in peninsula should direct my design in a way that my design is only the reclamation the current situation of Eymir. I decided to work in 3 different areas which are according to my ideas are the plase where the nature has a distinct characteristic as mole hills, wind quality or provide higher level of vision. It was like a re-designing the existing conditions.

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Then I have created two similar shore approach which don’t have reeds also providing higher level of vision. One is more dense due to its sharp slope and big amount of trees, the other is more like an open space with rather smooth slope and less amount of trees. I designed those areas two fragmented paths which ease the way going down and enrich the experince of the space due to vision. Then, the piers (one mobile and one stabile) are inspired by the relation between the nature and the human. They are the reflection of the variation of the mole hill structure.

There is one other approach on the farthest part of the peinsula. The topography is smooth but the vision is very limited due to high reeeds. So, the path got fragmented and detached from the ground to provide a higher vision, but underneath it is like a basic shelter, so now the path is a more flexible space in 3D.

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The beginning of this chapter stars with the fall of the West (Roman Empire) and the rise of the Charlemagne. (He is the biggest Mediavel King who ruled over today’s France, Italy and Germany.) We can think that the architectural approaches will alter as it happened in change of the existing scale of buildings. The first new buildings they are going to build are religious buildings which also show that the focus points of their cities will change, too. Now, the cathedral complex ,which is also consisting of the episcopal residence, is the main focal point. Then there, is the main church which is positioned parallel to the cathedral and in between there is the baptistery.

The feudal lines are evident not only in the cities but also in the countryside. It was economically organised with the principal institutions. There is ville in which the landlord establishes his residence in the perpetuity. A part of his land is organised and cultivated. The churches are more like a rectangular halls without any apse. Wooden architecture is more expansive so we can see frame construction. This is also valid for the palace. In large scaled buildings, they used timber-rooled structures. It will be wrong to say that stone architecture is now continued. Vaulting is also a used manner. Vernacular architecture continues its existence one way or another. The manufacture of stone capitals carried out as well as the presence of old Roman piles.

Palace Chapel of Charlemagne is acted as if it is an entire complex of imperial palace for the emperor. It has all different rooms for their own functions: council hall, bath, gallery, chapel and so forth. Columns and marbles are brought from the Roman architectural approach. The entire complex is very significant but what is standing out is the chapel. Charlemagne wanted an extravagant design to show his glamorous therefore  we see the construction of big solid bronze doors at the entrance with magnificently decorated  marble walls and floors with mosaics. There is one other important aspect that is has Christian symbolism which show the effect of religion on the architecture.

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Most of us should have encountered with some fancy cool beard pictures, decorated with flowers, colorful plumes, glitter, big autumn leafs, dandelions, pipes, food (!) and with tons of other things, which is a huge trend especially in the UK right now. Well, the invertors of this growing concept are Brian Delaurenti and Johnathan Dahl; the gay best friends which are both 25 years-old. It doesn’t surprise me when I found out that these two men work in the fields of creativity, imagination and design because they have such great works; Brian Delaurenti is a painter and photographer and Johnathan Dahl is a musician. Their creative project has only started last year, yet they had attention of the world. These two men from Portland are creating these artistic portraits of themselves by using any kind of material you may think of. (They had even used sprinkles once() It is an impressive and intelligent work of art has put a smile on my face when I saw these pictures; actually this is why they started this out of the ordinary shootings: “The world needs more love and laughter”. I’m amazed with their vast creative minds; they created some ‘concept beards’ for special events and occasions as Halloween. They have masterly used painting to create a rainbow onto their beards in order to celebrate after the nationwide legalization of same-sex marriage: Love Wins.
What makes their design so unique is not only deciding some materials but also taking artistic self-portraits. The photography itself completes the phenomenon of the design by providing a sophisticated atmosphere and gives the mystic and gorgeous impression to the receiver. These guys help me to notice that even the most regular things can be designed and form such glamorous structures. They somehow expanded by perspective of imagination and beards.( There is one thing for sure; they would never be unnoticed…
If you want to see more about these amazing guys and their works check:”

(The photos are from their tumblr)

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