Chapter 7: polis and akropolis

The akropolis is an ancient citadel which is positioned at the top of rocks and Athens. I wondered about the etymology of the word akropolis and its akron+polis which is edge,extremity+city. Therefore, akropolis is the city at the edge. The hill is appropriated by gods and become “the head of the town”.

The orthogonal planning is a gridal system which coordinates the positioning of the public and residential structures in a harmonious manner. They kind of created a block system of settlements which determines the size and shapes of temples, public buildings as well as residential builndings. It also proportionally controls the narrow lanes and rectangularity of blocks.

The organic planning of the city gives it a more dynamic structure (flexible paths) and hepls it to create a closer interrelation between the structures and the open areas. They had this approach after they had orthogonal planning which also lead them to explore new assumptions; the urban territory can be classified as a rationally geometric conceived at once. Secondly, this rational form had an impact on both public and private builnding which finally is a pioneer to the future development of the city.

The assembly buildings come forward in Greek word as a council chamber. The location of these builndings were not certain at first so they moved the city center; we can understand how much importance they have. The agora has also shifted to a flat open space. The skias are rebuilt: they were the unusual roundly formed builndings which served very special functions. They adjointed the kitchen and bouleuterion, in fact the principal function of these skias are being a dining room. Assembly members communicated there whereas they took their meals and took state decisions.

On the south slope of the Akropolis, they built an auditorium to Dyonisos ( the god of wine) to accomodate a level space created with land fill. The audience was positioned on a circular inclined floor and at the heart there is orchestra which stood a semicircular retaining wall and the little temple of Dionysos. This is a fun part for me to read since it reflects their prosperity level influenced and shaped architecture.

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