This chapter starts by mentioning the advancement level of Egypt, Mesopotamia, the aegan and Asia Minor. Mycanean did trade of several metals which create noticeable changes in their constructions. Then, the text has a wide explanation of how Greece emerged and its own properties. Greece did not become glamorous civilisation just in a moment, it is surrounded and interacted by other unique and great civilisations as Phrygians, Lydians, Assyrians and Persians. In west, the immigrants of Asia minor also built strong cities like Etruscan. We can see the traces of the first urban “polis” in those cities.
In greece, iron is the main element used in weapons and tools. There is community architecture which is simple. (Polis) There is religious architecture in the cityscape which is also consisting the human settlements preceeded by immortal beings. Ancient world has a balance between divine and humans. Architecturally, it is reflected as palaces and temples. The mature temples at early stages of Greece civilisations were dedicated to one of their gods. There is social organisations and equal bounds in decision making and administered by elected magistrates. There is no military or nor any organized priesthoood. People have their own relations with their immortals and laws.
The greek temples shows the city’s involvement with one of their immortals. The message of the temple may be seen alien to the world but it has its own vernecar meanings. The fame of these temples took part in some litteral masterpieces, bible and roman laws: this seems as a very interesting fact to me. There are some evolution stages of these temples due to usage of stone and wood, the spatial organisation, the size of peristyle, the enclosure level of the cult room and so forth… The temples are also can be considered as the house of deity which also gives it a divine meaning. So, it has to be gorgeous with masonry structures, heavy tiles, large mid-spaces and enshrined halls. Architecture and sculpture are interpreted in a same approach: it is time to to include figured panels to terra-cotta. Greek is somehow influenced by Egypt in the sense of stone-cutting and larger scale sculpture. They even have developed a new mechanism to transporting column drums from quarry to the site. The greek architects are respected by the society thanks to their professions whose craft and design was accesible to public even to trade. Therefore, in today’s world we have a lot of information of that civilisation.
The design approach of doric order (matters of appearance) is more like a perfectionist perspective which highlights series of concious changes in its valide universal way. That’s why we can think of it as a conservative approach. Doric temple is a supremely artificial construct of right angles and sharp geometries. It shows itself in the free land in an abstracted level.