Monthly Archives: October 2015

CERMODERN FLOOR OBSERVATION

It’s been a while but I went to Cermodern because there was Grayson Perry Exhibition and Chat. It was great to see his work and then hear his understanding of photography. However, what I wanted to talk about here is a specific part of the ground of Cermodern. It is a determined area which is formed by a transparent layer which shows the lower floor. The emergence of the interconnection between the floors amazed me. It was such a good architectural approach for an art exhibition center. It also reflects the abstract meaning of art; the fluid relation between an art piece and the one who observes experiences this piece. The permeability of the ground also provides a dynamic bound between openness and closeness. A mid-level forms a new dimension to the structure. The solid concrete and the transparent glass material are attached in an open way that it also creates a circulation, a way of communication. So, I think this new dimensional platform is an essential part of the design of Cermodern. It is something I would have never paid attention if I didn’t have an architectural perspective thanks to my education. I think everyone should check it out when they will be at Cermodern; not only the exhibitions but also the building itself.

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CHAPTER 8: THE HELLENISTIC REALM

Alexander the Great is the king who ruled at Hellenistic Age and expanded the territories of his empire tremendously in the fourth century. The word ‘Hellenic’ means Greek and ‘Hellenistic’ refers to the expansion of Greek culture following the conquests of Alexander the Great, and to the opulent style of art and architecture associated with this. Since they have moved toward new lands, they also met with new cultures. The interactions between cultures also caused some alterations in greek art and architecture. (especially in sculpture) I am amazed by those sculptures;

Hellenistic Sculpture is more related with human body proportions and is emerging the gigantomachy frieze. It is different from the perfectionism of the classical age. The face and body of the sculptures were full-filled with emotions (mostly sad emotions, grief). There is no longer focus on the ideal, there is drama in the sculptures. there are new elements in sculptures which are now taking into consideration; the details like agony, old age, sleep condition and the state of being drunk. We can say that Hellenistic Sculpture now embracing imperfections and aiming at finding its imperfections.

Hellenistic architecture is also altered from classical architecture. Similar to Hellenistic Sculpture, it is based on drama and theatricality of the observer. We can consider Hellenistic Architecture as monumental in order to create this atmosphere of theatricality. We see this monumental temples on big scales. Stoas were used to define public space and were mostly found around a city’s agora, turning the city’s central place for civic, administrative, and market elements into a grand space. The Corinthian order was developed during the Hellenistic period. The columnar style of the order is similar in many ways to the Ionic order.

The acropolis of Pergamon is also famous for its monumental architecture. there are some structures which are positioned in higher places providing a larger perspective and emerging a dramatic public space. We can consider there is hierarchy between the built structures. The Altar of Zeus at Pergamon was a monumental u-shaped Ionic building that stood on a high platform and was accessed by a wide-set of stairs. Besides its dramatic architecture, the Altar is known for its gigantomachy frieze and statues of defeated Gauls.”The statue group of the Dying Gauls depicts a defeated trumpeter and a Gallic chief killing himself and his wife. The figures, while enemies Pergamon, are depicted with incredible pathos and heroics to demonstrate their worthiness as adversaries and empower the Attalid victors.”

The quotation source: Boundless. “Pergamon.” Boundless Art History. Boundless, 21 Jul. 2015. https://www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/ancient-greece-6/the-hellenistic-period-67/pergamon-353-10994/

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THE INTRODUCTION TO VOID

Hello void family… I’m going to be one of the writers on this blog and I’m very excited about it! I’m a sophomore architecture student in TED University which means I somehow survived the first year of the heavy and serious education of architecture. That’s what I want to talk about, firstly. It was like stepping into a new world in which we had no idea and we always had to produce things. All the assignments were like a huge endless pile; they brought sleepless and painful days and nights… This tight routine also had its advantages; I got to meet some sweet people. J ‘Basic’ design seemed so strange to me at first but it became more and more familiar by trying and working. At the end of the year, even though we had no written rules or learned information, we learned the things we have to regard while designing. On the second year, we shake ourselves from the amateurship of the freshman year and get one step closer to become an architect. We analyze some already built structures according to some concepts as enclosure, circulation etc. We also analyze a site and its conditions. The aim of this semester, that’s only my opinion, is how to intervene a site and how to adjust design concepts to its existing conditions. It’s a marathon the education of architecture and architecture itself; a continuous path which can always become better. I think this the thing which impresses me the most. It is a very hard discipline indeed but nothing worth having comes easy… Finally, I also wish a very good semester for every hard-working architecture student who struggles about achieving his/her goals. Hang in there! 

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Chapter 7: polis and akropolis

The akropolis is an ancient citadel which is positioned at the top of rocks and Athens. I wondered about the etymology of the word akropolis and its akron+polis which is edge,extremity+city. Therefore, akropolis is the city at the edge. The hill is appropriated by gods and become “the head of the town”.

The orthogonal planning is a gridal system which coordinates the positioning of the public and residential structures in a harmonious manner. They kind of created a block system of settlements which determines the size and shapes of temples, public buildings as well as residential builndings. It also proportionally controls the narrow lanes and rectangularity of blocks.

The organic planning of the city gives it a more dynamic structure (flexible paths) and hepls it to create a closer interrelation between the structures and the open areas. They had this approach after they had orthogonal planning which also lead them to explore new assumptions; the urban territory can be classified as a rationally geometric conceived at once. Secondly, this rational form had an impact on both public and private builnding which finally is a pioneer to the future development of the city.

The assembly buildings come forward in Greek word as a council chamber. The location of these builndings were not certain at first so they moved the city center; we can understand how much importance they have. The agora has also shifted to a flat open space. The skias are rebuilt: they were the unusual roundly formed builndings which served very special functions. They adjointed the kitchen and bouleuterion, in fact the principal function of these skias are being a dining room. Assembly members communicated there whereas they took their meals and took state decisions.

On the south slope of the Akropolis, they built an auditorium to Dyonisos ( the god of wine) to accomodate a level space created with land fill. The audience was positioned on a circular inclined floor and at the heart there is orchestra which stood a semicircular retaining wall and the little temple of Dionysos. This is a fun part for me to read since it reflects their prosperity level influenced and shaped architecture.

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VERTICAL CIRCULATION DETAIL MODEL

We are asked to analyze several structures, buildings or pavilions due to their vertical circulation and pick 3 of them and re-analyze them according to how its materials come together (the hinges). I produce 1/10 scaled detail models. The models are focusing about the physical and stuructural qualities of the buildings.

  1. Endless Stairs by Drmm, London, 2013 (the vertical circulation, the repetition)
  2. Library by Li Xiaodong, Beijing, 2011 (the variation of vertical circulation)
  3. The Youth Wing for Art Education Entrance Courtyard by Ifat Finkelman + Deborah Warschawski, Israel, 2014Liyuan (the framed structure)
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THE VOID TEDU!

I’m pretty excited about announcing that I’m one of the blog authors in our school’s “TEDU Architecture and Design Society”. “The Void TEDU” is where you can find cool architectural photos, some short articles about any designed concept, some announcements of up-coming events in Ankara and more and more… I’m posting the articles I posted on the other website. Stay tuned for more good photography and sophisticated articles. 🙂

the blog: thevoidtedu.tumblr.com

twitter: https://twitter.com/theVOIDtedu

instagram: https://instagram.com/thevoidtedu/

pinterest: https://tr.pinterest.com/thevoid0070/

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Chapter 6: the greek temple and “barbarian” alternatives

This chapter starts by mentioning the advancement level of Egypt, Mesopotamia, the aegan and Asia Minor. Mycanean did trade of several metals which create noticeable changes in their constructions. Then, the text has a wide explanation of how Greece emerged and its own properties. Greece did not become glamorous civilisation just in a moment, it is surrounded and interacted by other unique and great civilisations as Phrygians, Lydians, Assyrians and Persians. In west, the immigrants of Asia minor also built strong cities like Etruscan. We can see the traces of the first urban “polis” in those cities.

In greece, iron is the main element used in weapons and tools. There is community architecture which is simple. (Polis) There is religious architecture in the cityscape which is also consisting the human settlements preceeded by immortal beings. Ancient world has a balance between divine and humans. Architecturally, it is reflected as palaces and temples. The mature temples at early stages of Greece civilisations were dedicated to one of their gods. There is social organisations and equal bounds in decision making and administered by elected magistrates. There is no military or nor any organized priesthoood. People have their own relations with their immortals and laws.

The greek temples shows the city’s involvement with one of their immortals. The message of the temple may be seen alien to the world but it has its own vernecar meanings. The fame of these temples took part in some litteral masterpieces, bible and roman laws: this seems as a very interesting fact to me. There are some evolution stages of these temples due to usage of stone and wood, the spatial organisation, the size of peristyle, the enclosure level of the cult room and so forth… The temples are also can be considered as the house of deity which also gives it a divine meaning. So, it has to be gorgeous with masonry structures, heavy tiles, large mid-spaces and enshrined halls. Architecture and sculpture are interpreted in a same approach: it is time to to include figured panels to terra-cotta. Greek is somehow influenced  by Egypt in the sense of stone-cutting and larger scale sculpture. They even have developed a new mechanism to transporting column drums from quarry to the site. The greek architects are respected by the society thanks to their professions whose craft and design was accesible to public even to trade. Therefore, in today’s world we have a lot of information of that civilisation.

The design approach of doric order (matters of appearance) is more like a perfectionist perspective which highlights series of concious changes in its valide universal way. That’s why we can think of it as a conservative approach. Doric temple is a supremely artificial construct of right angles and sharp geometries. It shows itself in the free land in an abstracted level.

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PHOTOMONAGE OF EYMIR LAKE

Photomontage is a new concept to me it’s supposed to convey some more information about the things that we analysed. It’s a representative tool like a collage but it can contain any other illustrations, digital drawings.

In the first photomontage “zoning” and “human” scale are my tools to give further information about the site. I analysed the peninsula due to its slope and enclosure levels and create the different zones for the function. Gathering places, trekking and climbing are some various activites which change according to the existing conditions of the site.

The second photomontane is more studied owning to amount of people. (1-5-15) It is focusing on the different routes for these different groups of people. The routes are thickening in open and more flat areas and are getting thin in the slopy and narrow areas. The linearity of the routes are altering due to obstacles.

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CHAPTER 4: THE ARCHITECTURE OF ANCIEN EGYPT

While reading this book, we arrived to the fourth chapter which is specifically talking about the ancient civilisation of Egypt. Even though I had some ideas about this civilisation, I still got fascinated by the amazing organisation of these ancient people. Maybe, the thing that makes me wonder more about the ancient Egypt is the mystery of its pyramids, too. 😀 Anyway, let’s go back to the book;

The ancient civilisation of Egypt is appeared(settled) near a water source as any ancient civilisation. Mesopotamia has its own rivers and Egypt has the river Nile. This specific river has constructed the major part of their life; mostly everything has depended on it… A quick and original info: they divided their cities into two and named them Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt according to the direction of the river Nile therefore: in a world map Upper Egypt is below the Lower Egypt. The Nile also helps the citizens of Egypt to cultivate lands which are rich with variety of minerals  because it brims over in some seasons. Additionally, those land operations also made them more advanced in mathematics, astronomy and geometry. The flow of the river helps them to have an easier transport which by the way leads them to trade because Egypt is one of those civilisations in which there is the production of extra amount of food which also provide prosperity. Even though we called Egypt an ancient civilisation; it is a developed city and civilisation in most of the terms. We today have a lot their’s written or visual documents (political, architectural,social and so forth) and yet some mysteries remain…

The citizens of Egypt have believed in life after death which can also be seen by their architectural pieces. They have constructed enormous monumental architectural pieces; pyramids which are dedicated to the their magnificent kings which supposed to reflect the importance of these rulers. They berried their kings in those pyramids with a lot of tangible materials (since they believed in after life) so, basically pyramids are tombs. Legend says there are still these hidden treasures, some adventurers keep on looking… 😀

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Missed your instance? // Human Scale

Remember our instance models? We were assigned to work with them again according to new design principles. We kept in mind the first year knowledge and we had to work with now human scale. All the spaces that we had created in our instances now had to be proportionally organised to an average human. Therefore we had to think about human body, its capacity and its movements.

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