CHAPTER 3: THE RISE OF THE CITY : ARCHITECTURE IN WESTERN ASIA

Since the last chapter focused on Europe in its early ages, this chapter brings out the early architectural formations of Asia and its technology. Asia is somehow developed before than European civilizations. Asia make better use of materials and developed a technological achievements.  There are two types of cultures exist in Asia at that time;Mesopotamia and Egypt.  Both civilisations have a water source nearby, have proper lands to grow crops and vegetables and have enough food to be wealthy to trade even though they have extremely unique and different cultures. What should be pointed out here is that one of the most important development or invention of those periods is the use of written documents; shortly, writing. This invention is like a pioneer which enlighten the past civilisations and helps us to have more information about them. Being able to record things make them more civilized.

“Civilisation” comes from the word city. So, we can discuss about the cities of the ancient civilisations like Mesopotamia and Egypt. Unlike the Neolithic Age, Urban Revolution comes with a higher level of interactions in cities. There are more streets and public spaces which also increase the communication levels between the citizens. The cities are socially developed. Since the nomadic life has completely forgotten and there are the extra amount of food; there are new areas of professions like being a trader or religious people. These new professions also creates social classes; the wealthy ones with higher life standards and the workers. There are more complex city organisations both socially and structurally. Both these civilisations make use of their surrounding materials while building up dwellings. There are variatons of stuructures in a city. A house of a farmer is different than a house of a monk or the palace of the king.

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